According to the Canadian Institute for Health Information, in 2016-2017, about 1,850 newborns were born exposed to addictive drugs, a condition known as Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. This represents a 27 per cent increase from 2012-2013. A large percentage of these cases are attributed to opioid withdrawal. As the number of babies born exposed to opioids mounts, the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) is releasing new recommendations to help minimize the impact on both newborns and their mothers. In a guidance document for health professionals, the CPS says keeping babies and mothers together is essential in both the short and long term.